Tajikistan

Tajikistan PEO & Employer of Record

WeHG provides an International PEO and global Employer of Record service in Tajikistan to companies willing to enter the Tajik market or hire local/expat employees in this country.

The common approach requires establishing a subsidiary in Tajikistan.  However, our solution allows you to start the operations in Tajikistan within days, therefore, save time and money.  WeHG would hire candidates on your behalf when you keep in full operational control of their work. So legally they would be our employees, on our local payroll, 100% compliant but will work on your behalf.

Tajikistan fast facts

Population, million: 9
Land area: 143,100 km²
Capital: Dushanbe
Local currency: TJS (Tajikistani somoni)

GDP per capita:$ 1121,1
GDP in currency:$ 876.8 millions

Tajikistan, officially Republic of Tajikistan, Tajik Tojikiston or Jumhurii Tojikiston, Tajikistan also spelled Tadzhikistan, country lying in the heart of Central Asia

It is bordered by Kyrgyzstan on the north, China on the east, Afghanistan on the south, and Uzbekistan on the west and northwest. Tajikistan includes the Gorno-Badakhshan (“Mountain Badakhshan”) autonomous region, with its capital at Khorugh (Khorog). 

Tajikistan encompasses the smallest amount of land among the five Central Asian states, but in terms of elevation it surpasses them all, enclosing more and higher mountains than any other country in the region. Tajikistan was a constituent (union) republic of the Soviet Union from 1929 until its independence in 1991. 

Federal labor and employment law applies to:

  • banking;
  • interprovincial and international transportation;
  • broadcasting;
  • telecommunications;
  • aeronautics; and
  • a few other limited areas.

Hiring, Negotiating and Doing Business in Tajikistan

Necessity of written employment contract

It’s better to use a written contract in Tajiki which spells out the terms of the employee’s compensation, benefits, and termination requirements. Also, you may use oral employment contracts. The employment contract should consist of state the salary and any compensation amounts in Tajik currency (solomoni).

Different forms of engagement: employment, contracting, work with private entrepreneur

Different forms of engagement: employment, contracting, work with a private entrepreneurThere’re two types of contracts in Tajikistan which allows job-seekers to choose the most convenient for their career growth:
Non-Fixed-Term Contracts (labour contracts)
Standard employment contracts are not generally time-restricted. The duration of the Probation Period can be from 3 to 6 months. Legally, companies are up to follow the Law for termination which must be submitted in writing one month before the end of the contract. The same timeframe is required for the Notice Period.
Fixed-Term Contracts (labour and service contracts)
Companies are free to offer fixed-term contracts, which automatically expire on a specific date. There’s no dismissal required to terminate this type of contract. Choosing this type of contract allows the employer to decide to renew the contract or not. The maximum duration of this type of contract is 6 months. In addition, if the total duration of the contract does not exceed the maximum of six months, a fixed-term contract may be extended up to two times.

Tajikistan Employment Contract

Types of employment agreements

Labor contract is signed for the following terms:

  • indefinite term; 
  • fixed term – not less than one year, except the cases envisaged by paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 of this Part; 
  • for fulfillment of obligations of an absent employee, whose job is held in accordance with this Code;
  • for implementation of a certain work; 
  • implementation of seasonal works

Tajikistan working hours

There’re three options of working time duration: regular, reduced or part-time. The regular length of working time shall not exceed 40 hours in a week. The length of shifts cannot exceed: 5 hours for candidates at the age of 15-16 and 7 hours for 16-18 years old employees;  For those teenagers, who work and study during the academic year, working hours shouldn’t exceed 2.5 hours (14-16 years old) and 3.5 hours (16-18years old). In general, the duration of regular working time is 8 hours;  for disabled people – 6 hours. Also, for employees with several (usually, two) jobs the duration should not exceed half of the regular length of working time.

Overtime

There’re exceptional cases defined by the Tajik Labor Code when overtime payment can be used and it’s based on the fulfillment of the procedures defined by the Employer in mutual agreement with employee representatives.  It’s up to the employer to guarantee a social environment during the overtime period, as well as occupational safety and favorable production. Employees’ involvement in overtime is exercised in conformity with the requirements for disabled candidates, women, individuals with family commitments, and minors defined by the Tajik Law.  In the case of a 12-hour shift, it’s forbidden to work overtime, mostly in severe and harmful conditions.  The maximum duration of continuous overtime is two days, which can include: two hours (works with severe or harmful conditions); four hours (other works). For every employee, the overtime cannot exceed 120 hours (one year).

Vacation leave in Tajkistan

There’re 10 Public Holidays in Tajikistan: New Year, International Women’s Day, Nowruz (Persian New Year). Labor Day, Victory Day, Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan), National Unity Day, Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice), Independence Day, Constitution Day. 

The rest time includes:

  • breaks during the working day (rest, meal, in-shift and special rest); 
  • breaks between working days (shift); 
  • weekends (regular weekends); 
  • non-business holidays; and – leaves

Tajikistan Maternity Leave

Regarding the Tajik Labour Code, women are provided with maternity leave (the duration of 70 calendar days before and after delivery). Maternity leave can be extended up to 86 days If the delivery is difficult, and it can be extended up to 110 calendar days in case of giving birth to more than one child. Women are able to decide if they want to use maternity leave before or after the actual delivery. Additionally, to maternity leave, there’s a maternity benefit which women are entitled to receive: it’s equivalent to 100% of the average wage of a recipient of benefit and it includes a total period of maternity leave (notwithstanding of division of leave to pre and post-natal periods).

Tajik Severance Laws

  • Fixed-term Labor Contract Termination: a fixed-term labor contract is terminated on the expiration date. This type of contract can be signed again (prolonged for another new period) if the Parties continue their labor relations after the expiry day and none of them request its termination. Also, such agreement is deemed to be continued for an indefinite period, if it doesn’t exist in the written form.

In the case of an employee’s substitution or position’s substitution which is kept for the employee, a fixed-term contract is terminated on the date of the return of the employee previously working for this job.

Signed for a certain activity labor contract is terminated after the work is accomplished.

  • Fixed-term Labor Contract Early Termination: fixed-term labor contract can be terminated before its expiration for the reasons envisaged in the Tajik Labour Code (Articles 38 and 39). Taking into consideration such cases, employees can be prosecuted on penalty for breach in terms and conditions of the labor contract. In case of the labor contract is terminated before its expiration by the initiative of the employee or due to non-implementation of employment duties by the employee, payment of breach penalty is not provided by the Law.

Tajikistan Tax

  • Personal income tax – 13%
  • Social security contributions due by an employer and an employer

Individuals are required to pay social tax, which is 1% of the salary. The employer is obligated to withhold and make social tax payments assessed on the same tax base at the rate of 25%. Individual entrepreneurs are taxed at the rate of 20% of income.

Health Insurance Benefits in Tajikistan

Talking about social guarantees, the employer has to follow such requirements: 

– provide workers water and meal; 

– sanitary norms, providing workers with special areas for physical and psychological fatigue management, women personal hygiene room, primary healthcare services points to manage accidents or sickness of employees in the workplace. 

Healthcare arrangement is defined by the Tajik Law and includes medical point, medical and sanitary unit, hospital; public social protection authorities, and institutions. 

Sickness benefit: 60% of earnings is paid with less than five years of work; 70% with five years or more; 100% in case of work injury or occupational diseases. 

Medical benefits: medical services are provided by public health organizations directly. Medical services include general and specialized care, hospitalization, laboratory services, dental care, maternity care, vaccinations, and transportation. Some medical providers require cost-sharing.

Additional Benefits in Tajikistan

Before entering a Tajik working market, take into consideration main bonuses which are required by the Tajik Law and which you need to keep while searching for job-seekers: public holidays (10), paid annual leave ( 24 calendar days), additional paid time off for some special groups of employees ( those who work in harsh conditions, disabled employees, and workers under 18). Also, take into account parental leave (information is available upper) and a childcare benefit until the child turns 18 months old. 

General market practice benefits/additional allowances

The Tajik economy depends on employment and remittances from labor migrants. The main problems amongst employers who are entering the Tajik working market are a ”brain drain” and challenges in the local business environment. Still, Tajikistan improves its high-tech startup culture. Tajikistan shows a potential that has to be fulfilled by the growth of human capital, boosting accessibility of financing, and integration into international networks. Globalization provides such small markets with the integrational process which consequences have already become significant amongst countries in Central Asia and are characterized by how local startups can expand into other countries of the wider region, boasting a population of 72 million. Tajikistan, as a part of this economic system, takes an important role in the development of this region and shows a dynamic grassroots digital development.

Tajik Holidays

Non-working days in Tajikistan are defined by the Takik Labour Code (Holidays). Regarding the Law, there’re several types of works that can be carried out during Holidays: public services, urgent repair, reight load and discharge works. The procedure of non-working days determination (hours compensation on the working days) is defined by the Tajik Government.

Depending on the differences between the date/number of public holidays defined by the various jurisdictions, the main list includes 10 of them: New Year International Women’s Day Nowruz (Persian New Year) Labor Day Victory Day Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) National Unity Day Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice) Independence Day Constitution Dayorks that can be carried out during Holidays: public services, urgent repair, reight load and discharge works. The procedure of non-working days determination (hours compensation on the working days) is defined by the Tajik Government.

Depending on the differences between the date/number of public holidays defined by the various jurisdictions, the main list includes 10 of them: New Year International Women’s Day Nowruz (Persian New Year) Labor Day Victory Day Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) National Unity Day Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice) Independence Day Constitution Day.

Why Choose WeHireGlobally

WeHG takes care of all the onboarding hurdles, payroll, compensation and benefits, tax filing, and termination of employment. Our Employer of Record solution allows you to manage your overseas teams efficiently while minimizing cost and risk.

FAQ Tajikistan

  • Working hours in Tajikistan

    The working time duration can be regular, reduced or part-time. Regular length of working time in Organization shall not exceed 40 hours in a week. The length of daily working time (shift) cannot exceed:

    •  5 hours for employees at the age of 15-16 and 7 hours for the employees at the age of 16-18; 
    • For students of general secondary and secondary vocational schools, who work and study during the academic year – 2.5 hours for students at the age of 14-16 and 3.5 hours for the students at the age of 16-18; 
    • 8 hours for regular working environment; 
    • 6 hours for persons with disabilities; 
    • For the employees with two (multiple) jobs – half of the regular length of working time defined by Tajik Law. 
  • What are the main holidays in Tajikistan?

    • New Year
    • International Women’s Day
    • Nowruz (Persian New Year)
    • Labor Day
    • Victory Day
    • Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
    • National Unity Day
    • Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
    • Independence Day
    • Constitution Day
  • What are payroll taxes in Tajikistan?

    • Personal income tax – 13%
    • Social security contributions due by an employer and an employer

    Individuals are required to pay social tax, which is 1% of the salary. The employer is obligated to withhold and make social tax payments assessed on the same tax base at the rate of 25%. Individual entrepreneurs are taxed at the rate of 20% of income.

  • Hannah Kohl
    Author:
    Hannah Kohl. Head of Customer Success. Has extensive experience in the HR and IT industries. Helped 100+ international clients to achieve their global goals.

    Subscribe to blog post updates